All Electric Fleets Could Reduce UK CO2 Emissions by 3.4 million tonnes Study Reveals

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  Posted by: electime      11th July 2023

Despite vans now accounting for 13 per cent of road transport carbon pollution in the EU, only 2 per cent sold in 2020 were electric with an even lower percentage in the UK (0.3 per cent). It is evident that making electric vans a priority would greatly accelerate reaching the zero emissions goal by 2050. In light of this, Northgate Vehicle Hire has researched what all EV fleets would mean for your business and the UK environment.

The study reveals that there are over 2.3 million vans in Great Britain owned by businesses, each travelling an average of 17,500 miles a year. With a typical diesel van producing 154g of CO2 per mile, one commercial van emits an estimated 4.3 tonnes of CO2 annually. This equates to 10.3 million tonnes of CO2 being produced each year by commercial vans alone. This staggering statistic is four times higher than the annual CO2 emissions produced by plastic production in the UK in 2020 (2.4 million tonnes).

With electric vans producing an average of 50g of CO2 per mile, one van would be producing an average of 1.4 tonnes a year – 68 per cent lower than its diesel counterpart. If all commercial vans transitioned to electric, this would reduce the yearly emissions in the UK by 3.4 million tonnes from 405.5 million tonnes to 402.1 million tonnes of CO2.

Where are commercial vans producing the most CO2? 

Rank Region Estimated Number of Vans Owned by Businesses Average Annual Milage of One Van Average Annual Emissions of all Business Vans (tonnes)
1 Southeast England 404,260 12,800 1,324,088
2 East England 261,580 14,800 990,632
3 West Midlands 261,580 13,900 930,391
4 Southwest England 309,140 11,000 870,150
5 East Midlands 214,020 14,600 799,564
6 Northwest England 214,020 13,400 733,846
7 Yorkshire & The Humber 190,240 14,800 720,459
8 Scotland 190,240 13,900 676,648
9 Greater London 118,900 13,200 401,607
10 Wales 118,900 11,200 340,758
11 Northeast England 95,120 12,000 292,078

Commercial businesses that use vans in Southeast England are contributing most to the UK’s CO2 emissions, accounting for over 1.3 million tonnes each year – 80 per cent higher than the regional average of 734,565 tonnes. This comes as no surprise, with businesses in London and the Southeast of England accounting for 34 per cent of the UK business population.

Following closely behind is East England where the average commercial van travels the highest number of miles each year (14,800 miles). All vans combined are therefore producing a total of 9.9 thousand tonnes of CO2 each year.

Also ranking in the top five are the West Midlands (930,391 tonnes), South West England (870,150 tonnes) and the East Midlands (799,564 tonnes) respectively ranking third, fourth and fifth.

Northgate’s 3 Key Steps For Businesses Making the Switch to Electric Vehicles

  1. Review your fleet for vehicles with suitable electric vehicle alternatives

Start by identifying whether you operate any vehicles with suitable electric vehicle alternatives. The most obvious candidates will have the following qualities:

  • Vehicles operating on a low daily mileage: Electric vehicles can reach driving distances of anywhere from 75+ miles on a single charge. 120 miles or less is the sweet spot for many electric vehicles.
  • Smaller payloads: Smaller or lighter payloads are more likely to have an electric vehicle alternative with a suitable load weight and driving range.
  • Vehicles operating on urban routes: Built-up areas or routes along main roads are far more likely to have conveniently accessible charging infrastructure.
  • Charging time: Depending on how a vehicle is used, you may find a vehicle can be topped up with a charge in between jobs and then the single-charge range becomes less limiting.
  1. Decide how will you charge any electric vehicles

Electric vehicles require access to a suitable charge point and planning on when they will be charged. Making use of public charge points is a great place to start. According to a government analysis back in January 2020, a driver is never more than 25 miles away from a rapid (50 kilowatt) charge point anywhere along England’s motorways and major A roads.

If your business owns its sites, installing charging infrastructure is another option. This mainly involves choosing which charging technology to go with and finding out whether it can be supported by the power grid or other renewable alternatives.

  1. Develop a strategy to ensure a smooth roll-out of electric vehicles

Most businesses will find that taking a phased approach to electric vehicle adoption is the most practical option.

  • Fleet policy and reimbursements = Policies on electric vehicles are likely to differ. From fuel reimbursement to Benefit in Kind (BIK) tax, there is a range of things that will need policies behind them. When it comes to reimbursement, the HMRC has provided an Advisory Electric Rate (AER) of 9p for electric vehicles. [9]
  • Training = Electric vehicles are straightforward to use but may take some time to adapt to. From questions on how they are charged to what the symbols and dials mean on the dashboard, training sessions can help drivers get acquainted with the vehicle more quickly.
  • The scale of implementation = With the approaching end of combustion vehicles, businesses need to decide their overall level of commitment at this early stage. Trialling electric vehicles on your fleet, beginning with a phased approach is a great option in gaining the experience required for transitioning to electric vehicles.

Northgate’s complete guide to transitioning to an electric fleet can be found here: